Developers today are required to build apps more quickly and reduce costs by developing apps using a framework with cross-platform support. Flutter and React Native are the most popular frameworks for modern cross-platform mobile application development. Then, like any other framework or tech stack, we ask ourselves one question. What is the best cross-platform framework to go for your app project? Here is a quick content for you:
Flutter is an open-source framework by Google for building beautiful, natively compiled, and multi-platform Mobile, Web, Desktop, and embedded applications from a single codebase. Launched in 2018.
Flutter has grown steadily in popularity over the years. It is free to use and powered by an object-oriented programming language Dart
Flutter includes a high-performance, open-source graphics engine called Skia. Skia is an open-source 2D graphics library that provides common APIs that work across a variety of hardware and software platforms. It serves as the graphics engine for Google Chrome and ChromeOS, Android, Flutter, and many other products. Which makes animations run smoother and faster in this cross-platform solution. This high-performing cross-platform rendering engine allows Flutter to take care of the majority of the stuff you perform within your apps.
In 2022, React Native announced a conceptual evolution of its legacy render system. The core principles are to unify more render logic in C++ and improve interoperability with its host platforms and unlock new capabilities for React Native. One key takeaway from Flutter is that, React Native as the name suggests allows developers to write code in React JSX format, which means any frontend developer who has worked in React (the most used framework for web development) can easily get started with React Native.
Flutter has become the most popular cross-platform mobile framework used by global developers, according to a 2021 developer survey. Based on the survey, 42 percent of software developers used Flutter. On the whole, roughly one-third of mobile developers use cross-platform technologies or frameworks; the rest of mobile developers use native tools.
In March 2021, there were around 150,000 Flutter-based applications on the Play Store alone. Notably, Google Pay (one of the most used UPI apps in India) is purely based on Flutter. With the launch of Flutter 3, We have 500,000 Flutter apps already out there.
On the other hand, Around 40% of developers in 2020 are said to have used React Native for developing cross-platform applications. Thousands of apps using React Native, established from Fortune 500 companies to hot new startups. Some of the greatest accomplished applications with React Native are Facebook, Netflix, Microsoft Office, Shopify, etc.
as per Stack Overflow
In Google I/O 2022, Flutter has announced its version 3.0, in which Flutter completes its roadmap from a mobile-centric to a multiplatform framework, with the availability of macOS and Linux desktop app support, along with improvements to Firebase integration, new productivity and performance features, and support for Apple Silicon.
In addition to this, it also adds Material UI support alongside productivity updates.
When performance and interaction are the most important for you then Flutter is a perfect tool for development. If you need to create an MVP in a short period, go with Flutter. On top of that, it’s the best choice if your app is UI-centered. The animations are smooth and at par with their native counterparts. Plus when it comes to Flutter, its documentation proves to be beneficial due to the fact that it covers almost everything that you need to start building top-class Flutter applications.
In March 2022, React Native announced the use of its framework using features from React 18. The most important addition in this version is concurrency. Concurrency is not a feature, It’s the new behind-the-scenes mechanism that enables React to prepare multiple versions of your UI at the same time. You can think of concurrency as an implementation detail — it’s valuable because of the features that it unlocks.
React uses sophisticated techniques in its internal implementation, like priority queues and multiple buffering. But you won’t see those concepts anywhere in our public APIs.
|When can be used||When performance and animation are a key need. Eg (social media applications, music players, etc)||For simple mobile solutions for a faster go-to-market strategy (eCommerce, email, etc)|
|Community||Google-backed community provides access to documentation from open developer forums.||Large community and easy to resolve any issues related to codes|
|Learning Curve||Steeper Learning curve||Easy learning curve|
|Rating on GitHub||144K - Stars|
3.6K - Watching
23.1K - Forks
|105K - Stars|
3.7K - Watching
22.4K - Forks
|Code Maintenance||It's quite easy to maintain to code due to its simplicity and availability of external debugging tools||Debugging code isn’t easy. Making use of third-party libraries can cause compatibility issues that are hard to debug|
|Third-Party Integration||Bundled with SDK, the rich set of components removes the need to use the Third-party integrations||It just provides UI rendering and device access APIs, hence relies on third-party libraries|
Both React Native and Flutter are state-of-the-art cross-platform frameworks competing for the top position. At last, it boils down to the right-trade-offs according to one's needs.
Flutter seems to trump better architecture, and an open and approachable programming paradigm (smaller learning curve, allows for faster development, is performant, and provides better tools for writing and maintaining quality code). Whereas, React Native is easier to pick up for people already familiar with the React.js ecosystem. React Native is improving on the pitfalls it suffers and is betting big with the release of its new architecture.
A product development and growth expert, helping founders and startups build and grow their products at lightning speed with a track record of success. Apart from work, I love to network & Travel.
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